What Miners Should Know About Cryptocurrency MiningMay 5, 2018
Cryptocurrency mining is not a cheap venture. The startup cost of purchasing the hardware required to mine is very high. Miners also need to constantly upgrade their equipment to stay competitive. The cost of graphics cards have significantly increased due to the massive demand of cryptocurrency miners. Miners also need to consider the cooling costs that they will incur.
Operating a dozen of GPUs, computers and servers can generate a lot of heat, which may cause the mining hardware to fail if not correctly dealt with. Miners have to keep cooling systems in place to prevent their mining hardware from overheating and malfunctioning. This can significantly increase their electricity bills. Location can affect the cooling costs. For instance, operating in a country with naturally cooler temperatures may help miners keep their cooling costs down.
Of course, miners have to consider the electricity costs of running specialized ASIC chips, graphics processing units, computers and servers. Lower kWh costs are ideal for miners. Some of the best countries to mine have strict rules on digital currencies. For instance, although China has lowest kWh costs, the country has barred domestic cryptocurrency exchanges and ICOs. China has also curbed electricity usage for some of the largest mining companies in the country.
Some mining companies are building mining centers in Iceland and Sweden as these countries have below-average electricity costs. Nordic countries are also more heavily dependent on renewable energy like hydroelectric power, solar and wind, which helps keep kWh costs down.
Another factor that miners have to consider is the underlying movement in cryptocurrencies. The higher the prices of coins go, the more profitable it is to mine digital currencies. However, the competition to resolve blocks becomes fiercer as well and this can have a negative impact on the margins of miners. What they do with the tokens they get as a reward will also have an effect on their margins. Miners could hang onto their coins for an indefinite period and choose to become investors or convert it into a fiat currency. If the price of the coins they are holding increases, it’s a good thing for them. However, if the prices of the coins drop, it could reduce their margins. It could even make mining tokens in the first place a poor move on their part.
The cryptocurrency mining industry is flourishing at the moment. How long this will continue, however, is a matter that will only be known in the future.